Understanding FM 200 Fire Suppression Systems

2 min read

Fire suppression systems are critical components of any fire safety plan, designed to swiftly and effectively extinguish fires to minimize damage and protect lives. Among the various options available, FM 200 stands out as a highly efficient and environmentally friendly solution. In this article, we will get into the workings of FM 200 fire suppression systems, exploring their components, operation, advantages, and applications.

What is FM 200?

FM 200 is a clean, colorless, and electrically non-conductive gaseous fire suppression agent. It is composed of chemically stable molecules that extinguish fires by removing heat and inhibiting the chemical reactions essential for combustion. FM 200 is stored as a liquid in pressurized cylinders and discharges as a gas when activated, rapidly filling the protected area.

Components of an FM 200 system:

  • Storage containers: These containers hold the FM 200 agent under pressure until needed.
  • Piping network: A network of pipes distributes the FM 200 to the protected area.
  • Detection system: Sensors detect the presence of a fire and trigger the release of FM 200.
  • Control panel: The control panel monitors the system’s status and coordinates its operation.
  • Discharge nozzles: These nozzles release the FM 200 into the protected space.

Operation of FM 200 systems:

When a fire is detected, the control panel activates the system, releasing FM 200 into the affected area within seconds. The gas quickly displaces oxygen, starving the fire of the essential element for combustion. Additionally, FM 200 absorbs heat, further aiding in fire suppression. Once the fire is extinguished, the concentration of FM 200 is gradually reduced to safe levels.

Advantages of FM 200:

  • Fast acting: FM 200 suppresses fires rapidly, minimizing damage and downtime.
  • Clean agent: It leaves no residue or water damage, making it suitable for sensitive equipment and valuable assets.
  • Environmentally friendly: FM 200 has a low global warming potential and ozone depletion potential, minimizing its impact on the environment.
  • Safe for occupants: It is safe for use in occupied spaces, as it does not deplete oxygen levels or produce harmful by-products.

Applications of FM 200:

FM 200 is commonly used in various applications, including data centers, telecommunications facilities, museums, archives, and medical facilities. Its ability to protect valuable assets without causing damage makes it ideal for environments where water-based suppression systems are unsuitable.